slice-of-thai.com Thai Language Consonant Shape Learning Aid

Consonant Shape Learning Aid

Table of Contents

Introduction

As you are learning the Thai consonants, you will no doubt notice that many of them have similar shapes. On this page we'll show you a handy chart that shows the 44 consonants in their mid, low and high classes, arranged to highlight letters with similar shapes.

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Sample: คุณ เก็บ เสื้อ ไว้ ไหน

Choose Your Favorite Pronunciation Guide Systems
As you've probably noticed, nearly every book and website uses a different pronunciation guide system (also known as "romanization," "karaoke language," "transliteration," or "phonemic transcription" systems) for helping you learn the pronunciation of native Thai words.

Here at slice-of-thai.com, we let you choose the system(s) you want to see. Check your favorite system(s) below, and we will remember your setting and instantly apply it to all pages on slice-of-thai.com.

Pronunciation guides are a useful crutch, but they have hidden pitfalls which may surprise you: learn more about this, as well as how each system differs, at Pronunciation Guide Systems for Thai. Also, you can click on any system below for more information.

SystemDescriptionExample
คุณ เก็บ เสื้อ ไว้ ไหน
Paiboon+Used in all recent Paiboon titles[kun-gèp-sʉ̂ʉa-wái-nǎi]
PaiboonBenjawan Poomsan Becker's Thai for Beginners[kun-gèp-sʉ̂a-wái-nǎi]
Easy ThaiSpells out each syllable using simple Thai[คุนM-เก็บL-เซื่อF-ไว้H-ไหฺนR]
TLCFrom the fantastic thai-language.com[khoonM-gepL-seuuaF-waiH-naiR]
TigerThai learning books from Tiger Press[koon-gèp-sûea-wái-nǎi]
HaasMary Haas (adopted by AUA, US Peace Corps)[ˈkhun ˈkèp ˈsʉ̂a ˈwáy ˈnǎy]
IPAInternational Phonetic Alphabet: nerds love it[ˈkʰun ˈkèp ˈsɯ̂ːa ˈwáj ˈnǎj]
ALA-LCALA / US Library of Congress[khunM-kepL-sư̄aF-waiH-naiR]
TYTTeach Yourself Thai by David Smyth[ˈkOOn ˈgèp ˈsêu-a ˈwái ˈnǎi]
LPSystem from the Lonely Planet guidebooks[khun-kèp-sêua-wái-nǎi]
T2EFrom thai2english.com[kun-gèp-sêua-wái-nǎi]
Thai Govt+Lame system used for Thai road signs + tones[khun-kèp-sûea-wái-nǎi]
Example of how it will look: [sʉ̂ʉa, sʉ̂a, เซื่อF, seuuaF, sûea, ˈsʉ̂a, ˈsɯ̂ːa, sư̄aF, ˈsêu-a, sêua, sêua, sûea]

The Chart


[dtɔɔ-bpà~dtàk,
dtɔɔ-bpà~dtàk,
ตอM-ปะL~ตักL,
dtaawM-bpaL~dtakL,
dtaw-pbà~dtàk,
ˈtɔɔ
pà
ˈtàk
,
ˈtɔː
pà
ˈtàk
,
tǭM-paL~takL,
ˈdtor
bpà
ˈdtùk
,
taw-pà~tàk,
dtor-bpà~dtàk,
to-pà~tàk]

[dɔɔ-chá~daa,
dɔɔ-chá~daa,
ดอM-ชะH~ดาM,
daawM-chaH~daaM,
daw-chá~dah,
ˈdɔɔ
chá
ˈdaa
,
ˈdɔː
tɕʰá
ˈdaː
,
dǭM-chaH~dāM,
ˈdor
chá
ˈdah
,
daw-chá~daa,
dor-chá~daa,
do-chá~da]
[ɔɔ-àang,
ɔɔ-àang,
ออM-อ่างL,
aawM-aangL,
aw-àhng,
ˈʔɔɔ
ˈʔàaŋ
,
ˈʔɔː
ˈʔàːŋ
,
ʿǭM-ʿāŋL,
ˈor
ˈàhng
,
aw-àang,
or-àang,
o-àng]
[jɔɔ-jaan,
jɔɔ-jaan,
จอM-จานM,
jaawM-jaanM,
jaw-jahn,
ˈcɔɔ
ˈcaan
,
ˈtɕɔː
ˈtɕaːn
,
čhǭM-čhānM,
ˈjor
ˈjahn
,
jaw-jaan,
jor-jaan,
cho-chan]
[dtɔɔ-dtào,
dtɔɔ-dtào,
ตอM-เต่าL,
dtaawM-dtaoL,
dtaw-dtòw,
ˈtɔɔ
ˈtàw
,
ˈtɔː
ˈtàw
,
tǭM-taoL,
ˈdtor
ˈdtào
,
taw-tào,
dtor-dtào,
to-tào]
[dɔɔ-dèk,
dɔɔ-dèk,
ดอM-เด็กL,
daawM-dekL,
daw-dèk,
ˈdɔɔ
ˈdèk
,
ˈdɔː
ˈdèk
,
dǭM-dekL,
ˈdor
ˈdèk
,
daw-dèk,
dor-dèk,
do-dèk]
[bɔɔ-bai-máai,
bɔɔ-bai-máai,
บอM-ไบM-ม้ายH,
baawM-baiM-maaiH,
baw-bai-máai,
ˈbɔɔ
ˈbay
ˈmáay
,
ˈbɔː
ˈbaj
ˈmáːj
,
bǭM-baiM-māiH,
ˈbor
ˈbai
ˈmái
,
baw-bai-mái,
bor-bai-máai,
bo-bai-mái]
[bpɔɔ-bplaa,
bpɔɔ-bplaa,
ปอM-ปฺลาM,
bpaawM-bplaaM,
pbaw-pblah,
ˈpɔɔ
ˈplaa
,
ˈpɔː
ˈplaː
,
pǭM-plāM,
ˈbpor
ˈbplah
,
paw-plaa,
bpor-bplaa,
po-pla]
[gɔɔ-gài,
gɔɔ-gài,
กอM-ไก่L,
gaawM-gaiL,
gaw-gài,
ˈkɔɔ
ˈkày
,
ˈkɔː
ˈkàj
,
kǭM-kaiL,
ˈgor
ˈgài
,
kaw-kài,
gor-gài,
ko-kài]
[hɔ̌ɔ-hìip,
hɔ̌ɔ-hìip,
หอR-หีบL,
haawR-heepL,
hǎw-hèep,
ˈhɔ̌ɔ
ˈhìip
,
ˈhɔ̌ː
ˈhìːp
,
hǭR-hīpL,
ˈhǒr
ˈhèep
,
hǎw-hìip,
hǒr-hèep,
hǒ-hìp]

[tɔ̌ɔ-tǎan,
tɔ̌ɔ-tǎan,
ถอR-ถานR,
thaawR-thaanR,
tǎw-tǎhn,
ˈthɔ̌ɔ
ˈthǎan
,
ˈtʰɔ̌ː
ˈtʰǎːn
,
thǭR-thānR,
ˈtǒr
ˈtǎhn
,
thǎw-thǎan,
tǒr-tǎan,
thǒ-thǎn]
[chɔ̌ɔ-chìng,
chɔ̌ɔ-chìng,
ฉอR-ฉิ่งL,
chaawR-chingL,
chǎw-chìng,
ˈchɔ̌ɔ
ˈchìŋ
,
ˈtɕʰɔ̌ː
ˈtɕʰìŋ
,
chǭR-chiŋL,
ˈchǒr
ˈchìng
,
chǎw-chìng,
chǒr-chìng,
chǒ-chìng]
[sɔ̌ɔ-sǎa-laa,
sɔ̌ɔ-sǎa-laa,
สอR-สาR-ลาM,
saawR-saaR-laaM,
sǎw-sǎh-lah,
ˈsɔ̌ɔ
ˈsǎa
ˈlaa
,
ˈsɔ̌ː
ˈsǎː
ˈlaː
,
sǭR-sāR-lāM,
ˈsǒr
ˈsǎh
ˈlah
,
sǎw-sǎa-laa,
sǒr-sǎa-laa,
sǒ-sǎ-la]
[sɔ̌ɔ-rʉʉ-sǐi,
sɔ̌ɔ-rʉʉ-sǐi,
สอR-รือM-สีR,
saawR-reuuM-seeR,
sǎw-rue-sěe,
ˈsɔ̌ɔ
ˈrʉʉ
ˈsǐi
,
ˈsɔ̌ː
ˈrɯː
ˈsǐː
,
sǭR-rư̄M-sīR,
ˈsǒr
ˈreu
ˈsěe
,
sǎw-reu-sǐi,
sǒr-reu-sěe,
sǒ-rue-sǐ]
[sɔ̌ɔ-sʉ̌ʉa,
sɔ̌ɔ-sʉ̌a,
สอR-เสือR,
saawR-seuuaR,
sǎw-sǔea,
ˈsɔ̌ɔ
ˈsʉ̌a
,
ˈsɔ̌ː
ˈsɯ̌ːa
,
sǭR-sư̄aR,
ˈsǒr
ˈsěu-a
,
sǎw-sěua,
sǒr-sěua,
sǒ-sǔea]
[kɔ̌ɔ-kài,
kɔ̌ɔ-kài,
ขอR-ไข่L,
khaawR-khaiL,
kǎw-kài,
ˈkhɔ̌ɔ
ˈkhày
,
ˈkʰɔ̌ː
ˈkʰàj
,
khǭR-khaiL,
ˈkǒr
ˈkài
,
khǎw-khài,
kǒr-kài,
khǒ-khài]
[kɔ̌ɔ-kùuat,
kɔ̌ɔ-kùat,
ขอR-ขวดL,
khaawR-khuaatL,
kǎw-kòoat,
ˈkhɔ̌ɔ
ˈkhùat
,
ˈkʰɔ̌ː
ˈkʰùːat
,
khǭR-khūatL,
ˈkǒr
ˈkòo-at
,
khǎw-khùat,
kǒr-kùat,
khǒ-khùat]
[tɔ̌ɔ-tǔng,
tɔ̌ɔ-tǔng,
ถอR-ถุงR,
thaawR-thoongR,
tǎw-tǒong,
ˈthɔ̌ɔ
ˈthǔŋ
,
ˈtʰɔ̌ː
ˈtʰǔŋ
,
thǭR-thuŋR,
ˈtǒr
ˈtǑOng
,
thǎw-thǔng,
tǒr-tǔng,
thǒ-thǔng]
[pɔ̌ɔ-pʉ̂ng,
pɔ̌ɔ-pʉ̂ng,
ผอR-พึ่งF,
phaawR-pheungF,
pǎw-pêung,
ˈphɔ̌ɔ
ˈphʉ̂ŋ
,
ˈpʰɔ̌ː
ˈpʰɯ̂ŋ
,
phǭR-phưŋF,
ˈpǒr
ˈpêung
,
phǎw-phêung,
pǒr-pêung,
phǒ-phûeng]
[fɔ̌ɔ-fǎa,
fɔ̌ɔ-fǎa,
ฝอR-ฝาR,
faawR-faaR,
fǎw-fǎh,
ˈfɔ̌ɔ
ˈfǎa
,
ˈfɔ̌ː
ˈfǎː
,
fǭR-fāR,
ˈfǒr
ˈfǎh
,
fǎw-fǎa,
fǒr-fǎa,
fǒ-fǎ]
[hɔɔ-nók-hûuk,
hɔɔ-nók-hûuk,
ฮอM-นกH-ฮูกF,
haawM-nohkH-huukF,
haw-nók-hôok,
ˈhɔɔ
ˈnók
ˈhûuk
,
ˈhɔː
ˈnók
ˈhûːk
,
hǭM-nokH-hūkF,
ˈhor
ˈnók
ˈhôok
,
haw-nók-hûuk,
hor-nók-hôok,
ho-nók-hûk]
[kɔɔ-kon,
kɔɔ-kon,
คอM-คนM,
khaawM-khohnM,
kaw-kon,
ˈkhɔɔ
ˈkhon
,
ˈkʰɔː
ˈkʰon
,
khǭM-khonM,
ˈkor
ˈkon
,
khaw-khon,
kor-kon,
kho-khon]
[kɔɔ-kwaai,
kɔɔ-kwaai,
คอM-คฺวายM,
khaawM-khwaaiM,
kaw-kwaai,
ˈkhɔɔ
ˈkhwaay
,
ˈkʰɔː
ˈkʰwaːj
,
khǭM-khwāiM,
ˈkor
ˈkwai
,
khaw-khwai,
kor-kwaai,
kho-khwai]
[lɔɔ-ling,
lɔɔ-ling,
ลอM-ลิงM,
laawM-lingM,
law-ling,
ˈlɔɔ
ˈliŋ
,
ˈlɔː
ˈliŋ
,
lǭM-liŋM,
ˈlor
ˈling
,
law-ling,
lor-ling,
lo-ling]
[chɔɔ-cháang,
chɔɔ-cháang,
ชอM-ช้างH,
chaawM-chaangH,
chaw-cháhng,
ˈchɔɔ
ˈcháaŋ
,
ˈtɕʰɔː
ˈtɕʰáːŋ
,
chǭM-chāŋH,
ˈchor
ˈcháhng
,
chaw-cháang,
chor-cháang,
cho-cháng]
[sɔɔ-sôo,
sɔɔ-sôo,
ซอM-โซ่F,
saawM-so:hF,
saw-sôh,
ˈsɔɔ
ˈsôo
,
ˈsɔː
ˈsôː
,
sǭM-sōF,
ˈsor
ˈsôh
,
saw-sôh,
sor-sôh,
so-sô]
[pɔɔ-sǎm-pao,
pɔɔ-sǎm-pao,
พอM-สัมR-เพาM,
phaawM-samR-phaoM,
paw-sǎm-pow,
ˈphɔɔ
ˈsǎm
ˈphaw
,
ˈpʰɔː
ˈsǎm
ˈpʰaw
,
phǭM-samR-phaoM,
ˈpor
ˈsǔm
ˈpao
,
phaw-sǎm-phao,
por-sǎm-pao,
pho-sǎm-phao]
[pɔɔ-paan,
pɔɔ-paan,
พอM-พานM,
phaawM-phaanM,
paw-pahn,
ˈphɔɔ
ˈphaan
,
ˈpʰɔː
ˈpʰaːn
,
phǭM-phānM,
ˈpor
ˈpahn
,
phaw-phaan,
por-paan,
pho-phan]
[fɔɔ-fan,
fɔɔ-fan,
ฟอM-ฟันM,
faawM-fanM,
faw-fan,
ˈfɔɔ
ˈfan
,
ˈfɔː
ˈfan
,
fǭM-fanM,
ˈfor
ˈfun
,
faw-fan,
for-fan,
fo-fan]
[yɔɔ-yák,
yɔɔ-yák,
ยอM-ยักH,
yaawM-yakH,
yaw-yák,
ˈyɔɔ
ˈyák
,
ˈjɔː
ˈják
,
yǭM-yakH,
ˈyor
ˈyúk
,
yaw-yák,
yor-yák,
yo-yák]

[yɔɔ-yǐng,
yɔɔ-yǐng,
ยอM-หฺยิงR,
yaawM-yingR,
yaw-yǐng,
ˈyɔɔ
ˈyǐŋ
,
ˈjɔː
ˈjǐŋ
,
yǭM-yiŋR,
ˈyor
ˈyǐng
,
yaw-yǐng,
yor-yǐng,
yo-yǐng]
[kɔɔ-rá~kang,
kɔɔ-rá~kang,
คอM-ระH~คังM,
khaawM-raH~khangM,
kaw-rá~kang,
ˈkhɔɔ
rá
ˈkhaŋ
,
ˈkʰɔː
rá
ˈkʰaŋ
,
khǭM-raH~khaŋM,
ˈkor
rá
ˈkung
,
khaw-rá~khang,
kor-rá~kang,
kho-rá~khang]
[chɔɔ-chəə,
chɔɔ-chəə,
ชอM-เชอM,
chaawM-chuuhrM,
chaw-cher,
ˈchɔɔ
ˈchəə
,
ˈtɕʰɔː
ˈtɕʰəː
,
chǭM-chœ̄M,
ˈchor
ˈcher
,
chaw-choe,
chor-cher,
cho-choe]
[lɔɔ-jù-laa,
lɔɔ-jù-laa,
ลอM-จุL-ลาM,
laawM-jooL-laaM,
law-jòo-lah,
ˈlɔɔ
ˈcù
ˈlaa
,
ˈlɔː
ˈtɕù
ˈlaː
,
lǭM-čhuL-lāM,
ˈlor
ˈjÒO
ˈlah
,
law-jù-laa,
lor-jù-laa,
lo-chù-la]
[rɔɔ-rʉʉa,
rɔɔ-rʉa,
รอM-เรือM,
raawM-reuuaM,
raw-ruea,
ˈrɔɔ
ˈrʉa
,
ˈrɔː
ˈrɯːa
,
rǭM-rư̄aM,
ˈror
ˈreu-a
,
raw-reua,
ror-reua,
ro-ruea]
[ngɔɔ-nguu,
ngɔɔ-nguu,
งอM-งูM,
ngaawM-nguuM,
ngaw-ngoo,
ˈŋɔɔ
ˈŋuu
,
ˈŋɔː
ˈŋuː
,
ngǭM-ngūM,
ˈngor
ˈngoo
,
ngaw-nguu,
ngor-ngoo,
ngo-ngu]
[wɔɔ-wɛ̌ɛn,
wɔɔ-wɛ̌ɛn,
วอM-แหฺวนR,
waawM-waaenR,
waw-wǎen,
ˈwɔɔ
ˈwɛ̌ɛn
,
ˈwɔː
ˈwɛ̌ːn
,
wǭM-wǣnR,
ˈwor
ˈwǎirn
,
waw-wǎen,
wor-wǎen,
wo-wǎen]
[mɔɔ-máa,
mɔɔ-máa,
มอM-ม้าH,
maawM-maaH,
maw-máh,
ˈmɔɔ
ˈmáa
,
ˈmɔː
ˈmáː
,
mǭM-māH,
ˈmor
ˈmáh
,
maw-máa,
mor-máa,
mo-má]
[nɔɔ-nǔu,
nɔɔ-nǔu,
นอM-หฺนูR,
naawM-nuuR,
naw-nǒo,
ˈnɔɔ
ˈnǔu
,
ˈnɔː
ˈnǔː
,
nǭM-nūR,
ˈnor
ˈnǒo
,
naw-nǔu,
nor-nǒo,
no-nǔ]
[nɔɔ-neen,
nɔɔ-neen,
นอM-เนนM,
naawM-naehnM,
naw-nayn,
ˈnɔɔ
ˈneen
,
ˈnɔː
ˈneːn
,
nǭM-nēnM,
ˈnor
ˈnayn
,
naw-nehn,
nor-nayn,
no-nen]
[tɔɔ-tá~hǎan,
tɔɔ-tá~hǎan,
ทอM-ทะH~หานR,
thaawM-thaH~haanR,
taw-tá~hǎhn,
ˈthɔɔ
thá
ˈhǎan
,
ˈtʰɔː
tʰá
ˈhǎːn
,
thǭM-thaH~hānR,
ˈtor
tá
ˈhǎhn
,
thaw-thá~hǎan,
tor-tá~hǎan,
tho-thá~hǎn]
[tɔɔ-mon-too,
tɔɔ-mon-too,
ทอM-มนM-โทM,
thaawM-mohnM-tho:hM,
taw-mon-toh,
ˈthɔɔ
ˈmon
ˈthoo
,
ˈtʰɔː
ˈmon
ˈtʰoː
,
thǭM-monM-thōM,
ˈtor
ˈmon
ˈtoh
,
thaw-mon-thoh,
tor-mon-toh,
tho-mon-tho]
[tɔɔ-tong,
tɔɔ-tong,
ทอM-ทงM,
thaawM-thohngM,
taw-tong,
ˈthɔɔ
ˈthoŋ
,
ˈtʰɔː
ˈtʰoŋ
,
thǭM-thoŋM,
ˈtor
ˈtong
,
thaw-thong,
tor-tong,
tho-thong]
[tɔɔ-pûu-tâo,
tɔɔ-pûu-tâo,
ทอM-พู่F-เท่าF,
thaawM-phuuF-thaoF,
taw-pôo-tôw,
ˈthɔɔ
ˈphûu
ˈthâw
,
ˈtʰɔː
ˈpʰûː
ˈtʰâw
,
thǭM-phūF-thaoF,
ˈtor
ˈpôo
ˈtâo
,
thaw-phûu-thâo,
tor-pôo-tâo,
tho-phû-thâo]

For a spiffy, printable PDF version (558k, Paiboon system only), click here.

For a printable HTML version with your chosen font and pronunciation guide system (but no grey highlights), click here.

Some Useful Patterns

Immediately you can see a few patterns that can help you learn the alphabet:

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